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Journal of the Korean Society for Surgery of the Hand 2002;11(1):29-35.
Published online May 31, 2002.
Free Flap Reconstruction of the Foot
Hyoung Min Kim, M.D., Chang Hoon Jeong, M.D., Seok Whan Song, M.D., Seok Joon Yoon, M.D.
유리 피판에 의한 족부 연부 조직 결손의 재건
  Free flap reconstruction of the foot has become one of the standard procedures at the present time, but choice of a free flap for the soft tissue defect of the foot according to location and size remains controversial. We evaluated the results of free flap reconstruction for the soft tissue defects of the foot. Twenty seven free flaps to the foot were performed between May 1986 and December 2000 in the department of Orthopedic Surgery. Patient age ranged from 3 to 60 years. Male to female distribution was 20:7. Mean follow-up period was 30.5 months which ranged from 12 months to 60 months. The indications for a specific flap depended on the location and extension of the foot defect. In weight-bearing area and amputation stump, the authors chose the sensate (reinnervated) dorsalis pedis flaps (n=7) and sensate radial forearm flaps (n=2). In nonweight-bearing area including dorsum of the foot and area around Achilles tendon, we performed nonsensate (nonreinnervated) free flap reconstructions which included dorsalis pedis flaps (n=5), groin flap (n=1), radial forearm flaps (n=6), scapular flaps (n=4), latissimus dorsi flaps (n=2). Twenty-six flaps transferred successfully (96.3%). The sensate flaps which were performed in weight-bearing area and amputation stumps survived in all cases and recovered protective sensation. Mean two-point discrimination was 26 mm at the last follow up. As a conclusion, the selection of a proper flap depends on the location and extension of the foot defect and patient’s age. Fasciocutaneous flap including radial forearm flaps and dorsalis pedis flaps were the best choice in nonweight-bearing area. The sensate free flaps which are performed in the weight-bearing area and amputation stumps can produce better outcome than nonsensate free flap.
Key Words: Foot, Soft tissue defects, Free flap

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