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Journal of the Korean Society for Surgery of the Hand 2001;10(1):38-43.
Published online May 31, 2001.
Distally Based Neuroskin Pedicled Island Flaps Using the Vascular Network of the Saphenous Nerve
Sang Soo Kim, M.D., Dong Churl Kim, M.D. and Yong Bum Kim, M.D.
복재 신경의 혈관망을 이용한 원위도상 도서형 신경피부 피판술
김상수·김동철·김용범
Abstract
Introduction : The goal in the management of soft tissue injuries of the lower extremity is to obtain a closed stable wound as soon as possible. Recently, An anatomic study that has shown the role of the vascular axis that follows the superficial sensory nerves in supplying the skin developed the concept of a neuroskin island flap. It has been suggested that skin island flaps supplied by the vascular network of the saphenous nerve is one of the most reliable treatment to skin defect below the knee joint.
Purpose : The aim of this article is to present a clinical experience of neuroskin island flaps based on the saphenous nerve and to estimate the clinical utilities of distally based saphenous neuroskin flap.
Materials and Methods : From September 1995 to May 2000, a total 12 distally based neuroskin island flaps supplied by the vascular axis of the saphenous nerve were performed to cover defects in pretibial area below the knee.
Result : flap necrosis due to reactivation of existing infection developed in a case that skin defect had been on infected nonunion site of tibia. But other 11 cases survived completely without any specific complications.
Conclusion : The distally based neuroskin pedicled island flap using the vascular network of the saphenous nerve are versatile and reliable and especially indicated for limited defects in pretibial area below the knee joint which are not good indications for other better-known flaps.
Key Words: Saphenous nerve, Skin defect, Distally based neuroskin pedicled island flap
 
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