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Journal of the Korean Society for Surgery of the Hand 2000;9(2):134-138.
Published online November 30, 2000.
Ankle Arthrodesis with Vascularized Fibular Graft in Failed Ankle Fusion
Duke Whan Chung, M.D., Chai Ik Chung, M.D., Young Kyu Lim, M.D.*
혈관 부착 비골 이식술을 이용한 실패한 족관절 고정술의 치료
  Arthrodesis of the ankle joint is inevitable in the cases of severe arthrosis or defective bony structures around ankle joint. There have been many kinds of arthrodesis methods were introduced. In cases with failed athrodesis with previous arthrodesis surgery and neuropathic joints have difficulty to achieve fusion of joint with conventional methods.
  Authors underwent four cases of ankle fusion with vascularized fibular graft from 1997 in the cases of three failed fusions and one diabetic neuropatic joint. Two of four performed free vascularized fibular transplantation from contralateral side leg with microvascular anastomosis, two of four performed with pedicled fibular transposition to the ankle joint in same side leg. Three of four cases achieved arthrodesis average 9.2 months after surgery, one case was failed due to vascular thrombosis of the anastomosed site in diabetic neuropathic condition. The result of this technique revealed 75%(three of four) success rate and longer bone union time required. However, in these cases had no recommendable options with conventional bone graft and additional ankle joint fusions procedure because of poor bone quality and defect of distal tibia and talus portions.
  Free vascualrized fibular transfer to the failed athrodesis of ankle joint is one of the effective alternative methods in failed ankle fusion cases, especially the quality of the bone around previous fusion site is poor.
Key Words: Ankle fusion, Failed, Free vascualrized, Fibular graft

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