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Journal of the Korean Society for Surgery of the Hand 2007;16(2):119-124.
Published online November 30, 2007.
Sural Artery Flap for Skin Defect of Lower Legs
Jin-Woo Jin, M.D., Jong-Ho Yoon, M.D., Sung-Weon Jung, M.D., Jung-Wook Paeng, M.D.
Department of orthopedic surgery, Masan Samsung Hospital, College of medicine, Sungkyunkwan university, Korea. can1204@hanmail.net
비복동맥 피판술을 이용한 하지 피부결손의 치료
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Purpose: We reconstructed the skin defect of lower legs exposing muscles, tendons and bone with fasciocutaneous sural artery flap and report our cases.
Materials and Methods: Between March 2005 and September 2006, 8 cases of skin defect were reconstructed with fasciocutaneous sural artery flap. Defect site were 4 case of ankle and foot and 4 cases of lower leg. The average defect size was 4×4 cm2. There were 5 men and 3 women and mean age was 52.2 years. We evaluated the viability of flap, postoperative complication, healing time, patient’s satisfaction.
Results: There was no flap failure in 8 cases. But recurrent discharge in 2 cases was healed through several times adequate debridement and delayed suture without complication. Flap edema may be due to venous congestion was healed through leg elevation and use of low molecular weight heparin. Mean time to heal the skin defect was 4 weeks. No infection and recurrence in follow up period. Cosmetic results as judged by patients were that 5 cases are good and 3 cases are fair.
Conclusion: Sural artery flap is good treatment method among the numerous methods in the cases of skin defect, with soft tissue exposed, which is not covered with debridment and skin graft. Sural artery flap is useful method for the skin defect of lower legs because it is simple procedure, has constant blood supply and relatively good cosmetic effect.
Key Words: Skin defect of lower leg, Sural artery flap.

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