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Arch Hand Microsurg > Volume 18(1); 2009 > Article
Journal of the Korean Society for Surgery of the Hand 2009;18(1):1-8.
Published online May 31, 2009.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12790/jkssh.2009.18.1.1   
Versatile Applications of Anterolateral Thigh Perforator Flap in the Reconstruction of Upper Extremity Defects: Retrospective Analysis of 119 Cases
Joo-Yong Kim, M.D., Ji-Gang Park, M.D., Hang-Ho Lee, M.D., Ph.D., Young-Keun Lee, M.D., Sang-Hyun Woo, M.D., Ph.D.
Woo & Lee's Institute for Hand Surgery & Reconstructive Microsurgery, W Hospital, Korea. handwoo@hotmail.com
수부 및 상지 재건을 위한 전외측 대퇴부 천공지 유리피판의 다양한 이용: 119예의 후향적 분석
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Purpose: The perforator flaps have established their role in the reconstruction of various soft tissue defects. For the last five years, we have extensively used anterolateral thigh (ALT) flap for the reconstruction of the complex tissue defects of the hand and upper extremity and report the clinical results and our experiences with the versatile applications of this flap.
Materials and Methods: From March 2003 through May 2008, 119 free ALT perforator flaps were transferred for reconstruction of the complex tissue defects of the elbow, forearm, wrist and hand after crushing or degloving injuries as well as severe scar contractures. There were 95 females and 24 males. The mean age of the patients was 37 years and mean size of the flap was 170 cm2. In 20 cases, the flap was vascularized by septocutaneous and in 99 cases by musculocutaneous perforators. Intra-muscular dissection length averaged 3.4 cm. The total length of pedicle averaged 8.4 cm and the average arterial diameter was 0.84 mm. End-to-end arterial anastomosis was performed in 103 cases and end-to-side in 16 cases.
Results: Flap survival rate was 98.3%(117/119) and there were 6 cases of partial necrosis. Donor site was closed primarily in 41 cases and skin grafts were applied in 78 cases.
Conclusion: The reliability and versatility of ALT flap makes it one of the foremost choices for the reconstruction of complex tissue defects of the upper extremity.
Key Words: Upper extremity, Hand reconstruction Anterolateral thigh perforator flap

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