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Arch Hand Microsurg > Volume 22(1); 2017 > Article
Journal of the Korean Society for Surgery of the Hand 2017;22(1):68-72.
Published online March 31, 2017.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12790/jkssh.2017.22.1.68   
Atypical Presentation of Subungal Melanoma
Seung Hwan Hwang, Sujin Bahk, SuRak Eo
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, DongGuk University Graduate School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. sreodoc@gmail.com
Received: 6 October 2016   • Revised: 17 January 2017   • Accepted: 27 January 2017
Abstract
Malignant melanomas sometimes present with nail or periungual pigmentation, as a subungual melanoma. This pigmentation also occurs in nonmelanoma skin disorders. Therefore, biopsy is mandatory for the absolute diagnosis. We present an atypical presentation of subungual melanoma in an 81-year-old female patient with no specific periungual pigmentation. She suffered from a crushing injury in her right thumb 2 years ago and had undergone repetitive stump plasty at a local clinic. Recently, she felt intermittent pain at the thumb tip. During the revisional stump plasty, we unexpectedly noted a spread out of dark colored soft tissues the distal phalanx. Pathological examination revealed subungual malignant melanoma. This unusual form of melanoma has a predilection for an acral location, particularly the paronychial region. Even when small pigments are found on the periungual area, careful examination and identification of a component of melanoma is necessary in order to not miss any malignant finger lesion.
 
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